Every year 40 million women worldwide give birth at home, without the help of medical personnel. Every day 800 women die worldwide during pregnancy or during childbirth.
Every year 40 million women worldwide give birth at home, without the help of medical personnel. Every day 800 women die worldwide during pregnancy or during childbirth. A total of 8000 newborns die in the first month of their lives. The deaths of the newborns take forty-five percent of the total number of deaths of children aged five. Three million newborns die every year worldwide. The most common causes are infections obtained at birth or complications during the delivery, and even complications before the delivery term. All of these reasons can be eliminated if there is a timely reaction, and in that way these deaths won’t occur with the babies or the mothers.
These are the important statistics which were stated in “Live through the first day”, the 2013 report of the Foundation “Save the children”. In the report, it is noted that 60% of underage children die in the first year of their lives. Three-quarters of these underage children, which equals 2 million, die in the first week of their lives. And more than a third of these children, which is around 1 million, die on the day they are born. Ninety-nine percent of the mothers’ and infants’ mortalities happen in the developing countries, where the pregnant women and the newborn babies don’t have an approach to basic health services and basic health protection – before, during and after deliveries.
Almost two-thirds of the newborns’ deaths which happened on the day they are born (673.000 out of 1 million in 2011), occurred in only 10 countries. Most of these countries are highly populated (such as China and Indonesia), and the others have a high percentage of infant mortality on the day of birth (Afghanistan, Congo, Ethiopia, Pakistan and Tanzania). India is a country which is highly populated and has a high percent of infant mortality – 29% of the global figure.
The percentage of the global figure of newborns’ mortalities is being estimated according to five indicators, regardless of the wealth of the countries. There is only one indicator for every dimension of the mothers’ wellbeing, which is the health of the mother, the wellbeing of the newborn, the educational, economical and political status.
The report shows that the educational status is important, and the researches showed that when the girl/woman is educated, her children will be healthier and more educated. The Gross National Income per capita is the best indicator, which provides a look in the approach of the mother to the economical resources, therefore her opportunity and ability to provide a decent life to her children. Regarding the political status, the report points out the requirements for women to participate in the national governments; do they have voting rights in politics and in the national politics related to the mothers and their children? Wars, violence, corruption and disrespect of the rights are also an important and a very influential factor in the lack of the basic conditions for a proper maternal and infant health care.
According to the indicators for maternal care and the protection of infants, and according to the indicators contained in the report “Save the children” – the Gates Foundation, the European countries, together with Australia dominated the highest positions, while sub-Saharan Africa has the lowest ranking on this issue. The first 10 countries have the best health conditions for mothers and newborns, as well as the best educational, economic and political status. The highest ranked country is Finland. The lowest is Congo.
The other highest rated countries are: Sweden, Norway, Iceland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Spain, Belgium, Germany, Australia, Austria, Switzerland, Portugal… Macedonia is ranked on the 40th place. From the countries in the region, Macedonia comes after Serbia. Serbia is on the 36th place, Croatia on 34th place, Greece ranks on the 19th place. Slovenia is on the 14th place. Montenegro, which is located in 42nd place, Bulgaria on 43rd and Bosnia and Herzegovina on 47th, are all behind Macedonia.