All conclusions in the report entitled “Long-term effects of breastfeeding” are based on extensive research and scientific basis, on facts, including 60 additional studies already published in the last five years.
The breastfeeding has several short-term uses for the lifetime of the newborn, especially in the reduction of morbidity and mortality due to contagious diseases and infections during childhood. The survey of the World Health Organization (WHO), which was done in countries with medium and low incomes, showed that breastfeeding significantly reduces the risk of death due to contagious infectious diseases in the first two years of a child’s life. All the conclusions in the report entitled “Long-term effects of breastfeeding” are based on extensive research and scientific basis, on facts, including 60 additional studies already published in the last five years.
Based on powerful evidence regarding the short-term uses of breastfeeding in most of the countries where the citizens have high monthly incomes, it showed that different diseases can be prevented, especially in the gestational period of the first five years of a child’s life (5-7 years). It showed that early nutrition, including the type of milk given to the children is one of the key exposures of children that could affect their development later in life.
According to the researches made by WHO, regarding the significant effects of breastfeeding, it influences in the prevention of obesity and overweight, blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes type-2, efficiency in the IQ tests.
The type-2 diabetes is the most common type, which is related to the increase of the risk of cardiovascular diseases. This type of diabetes has become very common in children and adolescents nowadays, and can even take epidemic proportions. The epidemy of diabetes is linked to obesity and lack of exercise. There is also evidence where the type-2 diabetes can be programmed through the diet at an early age.
There are at least three biological ways that have been proposed to explain the protective effect of breastfeeding against diabetes type-2. The milk of the mother has series of polyunsaturated fatty acids, including the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the arachidonic acid (AA). They are proposed as a possible mechanism, contained in mothers milk, for the protection against diabetes type-2. Breastfeeding increases polyunsaturated fatty acids in the membrane skeleton and muscles, which in turn is connected to the so-called irreversible fasting glucose. Thus, the early change in the skeletal and muscle membrane, as a result of the saturation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, can create protection against insulin resistance, lack of beta-cells and diabetes type-2.