Global goals 2025 of the World Health Organization (WHO)
The countries members of the World Health Organization (WHO) have accepted the global goals for improvement of the nutrition of mothers, newborns and children. These global goals, according to the organization, are significant for determining the priority areas in which they should act and with which they should achieve a change on a global level.
Which are the global goals 2025?
40% decrease in the number of children aged 5 who have a problem with their growth and development.
50% decrease of anemia with women in reproductive period. The lack of iron, i.e. the anemia targets 30% of women in their reproductive period (468 million women in the world) and 42% of pregnant women (56 million). The maternal anemia is closely connected to the low birth weight and the increase of the risk for maternal mortality. The number of cases with anemic women during their reproductive period hasn’t been significantly improved in the last 20 years and more.
The anemia in children in preschool age affects 47.4% or 293 million children on a global level. 33.3% or 190 million children in preschool age have a deficit of vitamin A.
30% decrease in cases with low birth weight. The estimations are that every year around 13 million children are born with a limited height even in the uterus, while 20 million children are born with low birth weight. A child born with a low birth weight faces a greater mortality risk and a danger of developing diseases later in life, such as diabetes and hypertension.
In 2010, around 115 million children in the world had a low body weight, and 55 million had lower weight for their height, and 171 million children under the age of five had a problem with their growth and development. From 1995 to 2010, significant efforts were made in Asia and Latin America, but they are yet to be done in Africa. In the same time, there are cases with overweight children recorded in the developed countries or the countries in development. The frequent occurrence of obesity in children continues to grow in the countries with low and average standard of living. The overweight children often grow to be overweight adults.
The irregular and insufficient nutrition is the reason for the mortality of 35 % of newborns and children up to five years old. More than 2 million children in the world die every year as a result of malnutrition. A total of 11% of the global reasons for various diseases are based on mothers’ and children’s malnutrition.
Therefore, another global aim of the World Health Organization is to stop the increase of the cases of obesity during childhood; increase the level of exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of the newborn’s life up to 50%; decrease (to less that 5%) and maintain the decreased level of malnutrition which leads to insufficient growth and development with children.
Based on the analysis of the policies for food, the World Health organization came to the conclusion that the countries which are members of WHO have different policies and programs regarding the nutrition of the mothers, babies and small children, but they also came to the conclusion that these policies are not being followed and implemented all the way. In most of the cases, those programs and policies have not determined who they are going to be implemented by, who is included and in charge of them, and who will monitor and evaluate their implementation.
You can find more about the global aims of the World Health Organization on http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/nutrition_globaltargets2025/en/