The statistics show that twenty out of a thousand newborns in Macedonia have mothers aged between fifteen and nineteen.
It is necessary to invest in the education, the health and the human rights of the adolescent girls so that they could reach their potential, states the message of the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF) on the occasion of the “World Population Day” – July 11th, dedicated to adolescent pregnancy and its consequences.
The statistics show that twenty out of a thousand newborns in Macedonia have mothers aged between fifteen and nineteen. The rate of adolescent pregnancy in the region is still above the average of the EU countries where it amounts to 15, 2%.
Around 16 million girls give birth every year, and in nine out of ten cases these girls are already married. In the low developed, but also in the medium developed countries, the complications caused by pregnancy and childbirth are the main causes of death among adolescent girls aged fifteen to nineteen. At the same time, infant mortality is 50% higher for babies whose mothers are younger than 20 years, as opposed to babies whose mothers are aged between 20 and 29 years.
According to the UNPF, millions of girls around the world don’t have an opportunity to get education and to use their potential for life, because they enter in child marriage, face pregnancy and delivery in the period when they are not physically, emotionally and socially mature for motherhood.
The UNPF points out that most of these 16 million teenagers who give birth every year had no opportunity to plan their pregnancy. The complications caused by pregnancy and childbirth can cause severe developmental disabilities, such as birth fistula and they are the main reason for the mortality of these vulnerable young women. The adolescent are also exposed to a high risk of various illnesses and injuries.
In order to solve these problems, the UNPF points out, the girls must be kept in schools and be provided with a good education during their adolescence.
– When a young girl is educated, there is a bigger probability for her to get married later in life, thus delaying the pregnancy until she feels ready to have healthy children and have higher incomes. At the same time, we must provide comprehensive sexual education according to the age of the young people. This is of a particular importance in order to enforce the young women to make their own decisions about when they want to become mothers. Furthermore, we must provide comprehensive services about the sexual and reproductive health which will provide for family planning, as well as prevention and a treatment of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. We must provide the necessary services for mothers’ health which every woman needs, states the message from UNPF.
The text is taken from MIA.